The producer is addressing the pollution originated by the chemical substances used during the MMCF production process. It has joined a credible initiative that advances solutions on chemical management. (worth 2 points)
The producer is implementing, for all of its sites, pollution control technologies to limit their impact, developing an approach for the recovery of substances used or generated during the production of MMCF.
ZDHC Responsible Fibre Production Guidelines ZDHC Wastewater Guidelines (evaluated in 2020, worth 3 points) ZDHC Air Emissions Guidelines
Key Improvements Required
As part of the RGE family of companies, APR needs to become a vocal internal advocate for meaningful, substantive change in the practices of its primary suppliers, APRIL and TPL.
Canopy encourages APR to provide evidence of concrete gains by APRIL, TPL and their suppliers in:
- Securing conservation of peatlands and other high-conservation value areas (HCV) and high carbon stock forests (HCS) with the free, prior and informed consent of impacted communities;
- Effectively resolving land claims and conflict with traditional and local communities including halting any activity on disputed lands and excising customary lands where consent has not been, or is not being, given; and
- Implementing concrete and effective measures to remediate or provide restitution for the company’s legacy of adverse social and environmental impacts, including meeting restoration requirements dictated by science through increasing APRIL’s stated target of a 1:1 restoration ratio.
In addition to ensuring an end to deforestation, peatland degradation, and human rights violations in their supply chain, APR must accelerate the commercial production of Next Generation Fibre Solutions. APR should provide documentation of its efforts to ensure that if/as RGE scales up Next Gen inputs, there is a verified, corresponding and equal reduction in the use of peatland-sourced wood fibres. Next Gen should not become a niche product, but instead help reduce APR and their primary suppliers’ reliance on fibre sourced from drained tropical peatlands, HCV areas and HCS forests, and from community land areas.
Prioritize the integration and sourcing of Next Generation Solution technologies and feedstocks for future expansion and/or new suppliers. At a minimum, use ForestMapper and complementary guidance documents such as the advice note of Ancient and Endangered Forests and the Dissolving Pulp Classification to ensure no additional sourcing from Ancient and Endangered Forests as capacity expands.
Sateri, APR and APRIL continue to prioritize marketing, financially sponsoring, and participating in sustainability fora. Progress on sustainability by RGE companies should continue to be measured by concrete steps that lead to tangible outcomes which address core risks that affect climate, biodiversity, and communities on the ground.
Canopy will continue to seek solutions and report on actions that truly advance conservation, address the rights of impacted communities, mitigate the growing biodiversity and climate crises, and effectively address the legacy of adverse environmental and social impacts resulting from conversion of natural forests and peatlands to plantations after 1994.
Areas where the company is showing leadership
The company is proactively reaching out to Canopy, and attending Canopy events.
The company has shown strong interest in being audited, however, given the known risk in their supply chain, Canopy is recommending the audit not proceed until clear milestones addressing core issues of sourcing risk have been acted on to avoid diversion of the company’s financial resources and capacity from the actions required.
APR is continuously increasing fibre sourcing transparency, establishing a web-based fibre tracking system for its product. The tool traces bales from concession-holder and plantation region to mill then port – a step forward in transparency, however it is unfortunate that the origin of the fibre is controversial.
Last year, APR’s parent company, RGE, announced an investment over ten years to support solutions in closed-loop manufacturing, with 20-30 percent going to alternative cellulose. In 2020, the company announced the acquisition of a new automated viscose pilot plant that may be used to test recycled textiles and agricultural residues, and is designed to optimize new product development from standard raw materials. As Next Generation fibre is scaled-up, it will be important that it replaces controversial plantation fibre rather than being an add-on or new niche product line.
Canopy, APRIL, TPL and RGE have been in dialogue, exploring potential solution pathways and seeking common ground in addressing key issues and risks associated with the sourcing of fibre for dissolving pulp and viscose. Any progress of note will be communicated, if and when it emerges.
Number of viscose, lyocell and dissolving pulp mills + location and production volumes
Asia Pacific Rayon (APR), is a new viscose mill opened in 2019 with a current production target of 240,000 tonnes, now operational in Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia. The company is part of the Royal Golden Eagle Group (RGE), and closely connected with APRIL, the Indonesian pulp producer and plantation company.